Achilles Tendinitis


Achilles tendinitis refers to the inflammation of the Achilles tendon. However, this not the cause of the pain associated with Achilles problems. Most often the pain is caused by a tear or rupture of the tendon.

Common Causes

- Running up hills or climbing stairs.
- Speeding up quickly when running, jogging, or walking.
- Engaging in physical activities without properly stretching the back of the legs properly.
- Sudden trauma caused by jumping or sprinting.
- Improper footwear or the tendency to roll your feet inward while walking or running.

Achilles tendinitis often begins with mild pain after exercise or running then it gradually worsens.

*Note: To avoid causing further injury, see a medical professional immediately if you are experiencing one or all of the following symptoms.

- Recurring localized pain, sometimes severe, along the tendon during or a few hours after running.
- Morning tenderness about an inch and a half above the point where the Achilles tendon is attached to the heel bone.
- Sluggishness in your leg.
- Mild or severe swelling.
- Stiffness that generally diminishes as the tendon warms up with use.


- A bandage specifically designed to restrict motion of the tendon.
- Taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medication for a period of time. *Note: Please consult your physician before taking any medication.
- Orthotics, which are corrective shoe inserts designed to help support the muscle and relieve stress on the tendon.
- Rest and switching to exercises that do not stress the tendon (such as swimming).
- Exercises and stretching to strengthen the weak muscle group in front of the leg, calf, and the upward foot flexors.

Until you are able to see a doctor, practice the "R.I.C.E." method. This means:

- Rest. Avoid causing further damage by staying off the injured foot and ankle.
- Ice. Apply an ice-pack covered with a towel to reduce the swelling and numb the pain. *Note: Do not put ice directly against the skin.
- Compression. Use a bandage to wrap your foot and ankle to keep the swelling from getting worse.
- Elevation. Keep your leg slightly above your heart. You can prop it up on a pillow or couch cushion to help reduce the swelling.