There are two types of foot fractures: stress fractures and general bone fractures.
General Bone Fractures (Complete Breaks)
General bone fractures can break through the skin (open fracture) or break without going through the skin (closed fracture). General bone fractures are typically caused by trauma or external force.
Stress Fractures (Hairline Breaks)
Stress fractures are tiny, hairline breaks that can be caused by overuse, improper footwear or running surface, flatfoot or other foot deformities, and even osteoporosis. If left untreated, stress fractures can lead to a complete break. Your doctor will determine the best treatment options for you. In cases where the fracture has advanced to a complete break, surgery may be required.
Symptoms may include: