Arthritis is inflammation, pain, swelling, and stiffness of the joints, generally accompanied by a buildup of fluid. Each one of your feet has 33 joints that can be afflicted by arthritis, and this pain is worsened by the unavoidable weight that is placed on the foot. In some cases, arthritis in the foot can result in immobility. However, seeing a doctor and early treatment can stop or slow the advancement.
Osteoarthritis(OA) is the most common type of arthritis. Often this is referred to as "wear and tear” of the joint. Being overweight increases your risk of OA as the additional weight contributes to the deterioration of cartilage in the hip, knee, ankle, and foot joints.
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA)is another type of arthritis that is commonly found in adults but can occur at any age. RA is an autoimmune disease which makes it the most serious form of arthritis. The cause of RA is unknown but many of the symptoms are similar to other types of arthritis.
- Stiffness in the morning
- Limited movement
- Pain and tenderness of the joint
- Swelling and/or redness of the afflicted joint(s)
- Warmth on or around the joint
- Rashes and growths on the skin
- Physical therapy often accompanied with heat or ice, water therapy, and massage
- Low-impact exercise
- Anti-inflammatory medication and/or steroid injections into the affected joint – Note: Please consult your physician before taking any medications
- Orthotics may be prescribed
- Avoid staying in one position for long periods of time
- Eat healthy and avoid stressful activities